US Attorney: How to Stop Stupid Shooters in Their Tracks

A vigilant citizenry is the most important mechanism in the process of maintaining the safety and security of the people of any nation or state.  This article is about precisely how citizens can serve as the eyes and ears of a vigilant society.

A U.S. Attorney is the most direct representative of the authority of the government of the United States in the district to which that attorney is assigned and is the person charged with the enforcement of federal laws in his or her district. As such, he directs the activities of the federal law enforcement officers in his jurisdiction, a group of officers that includes members of the U.S. Marshals, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, and other members of the panoply of Homeland Security’s member agencies.

Justin Herdman, 45, was appointed United States Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio by Donald Trump in 2017.  He was the second Trump appointee to be approved (unanimously) by the Senate. Don’t hold that against him. He appears to be as much of a good guy as we are likely to get from the Republican party these days.

On August 29, Herdman made the following statement (below) during the arraignment of white nationalist sympathizer James Reardon Jr., 20, on the basis of a threat of violence against against a Jewish Community Center that Reardon made in an Instagram post.

What is interesting about this case, in particular, is that it illustrates how ordinary citizens can participate in the process of identifying and interdicting acts of physical violence against members of their communities BEFORE the violence is actually committed.

The Murky World of Thought Crimes

This brings us into the murky world of thought crimes, and raises the question of where to draw the line between the freedom of speech and the government’s obligation to protect its citizens from physical harm.

In Reardon case, he crossed that line when he threatened a specific community resource with physical violence, which is a federal crime even if no overt action has been committed.

(Technically, in face to face confrontations, threats of violence is called assault and is a crime under state and local law. In other words, assault is a verbal attack. Battery, which usually follows the assault, is the physical attack that is usually associated with the verbal assault, which is why people who beat up on other people are usually charged with “assault and battery” while people who engage in verbal confrontations are charged with “simple assault” in most jurisdictions.)

The threat of violence is a crime.

W e have to be clear about this. The threat of violence is a crime. As Herdman indicates in the statement below, Americans are free to express their opinions and beliefs but Americans are not free to threaten others with threats of physical violence, nor are they free to encourage others to do commit acts of physical violence.  There is a very fine line between free speech and incitement but, just like pornography, we may not be able to define it, but we know it when we see it.

With that preamble in mind, please read Herdman’s comments, a excerpted below.  Then, AFTER THAT,  please, read Eric Heisig’s excellent article about Reardon on  which details the connection between Reardon and white nationalists who are also Trump supporters. (The link to Mr. Heisig’s article follows Mr. Herdman’s remarks.)

Here are the excerpts from Mr. Herdman’s remarks:

I want to start by thanking the community. This case is the result of a concerned citizen who took the time to point out Mr. Reardon’s social media activity to a New Middletown Police Officer. This case is just one of several over the past few weeks that are the product of our friends and neighbors seeing something, and then saying something.

For example, a few weeks ago, Timothy Ireland was indicted on firearms and threat charges after a private citizen alerted law enforcement. And at the beginning of this month, Vincent Armstrong pleaded guilty to charges related to a planning an attack on a bar in Toledo. That case started with a tip from a concerned citizen to Toledo police. There are several more examples and they illustrate the fact that these type of cases rely on very two important people – a concerned citizen and a responsive law enforcement officer. Fortunately, we have both of those in abundance in northern Ohio.

I want to thank the men and women who make up our police departments, and some of their leadership are here today. As I said, tips only matter if police officers take them seriously and investigate them thoroughly. The presence of our local law enforcement highlights the message that police officers are trained to be responsive to information from the public, and the officers assigned to these departments – and many others – will do just that when confronted with credible and specific threats. I also want to thank the FBI and ATF agents who joined with the police in each of these cases and bring outstanding expertise to these investigations.

Now let me speak generally to those who are advocates for white supremacy, or white nationalism. I am talking directly to you. The Constitution protects your right to speak, your right to think, and your right to believe. If you want to waste the blessings of liberty by going down a path of hatred and failed ideologies, that is your choice.

Democracy allows you to test those ideas in the public forum. If you want to submit your beliefs to the American people and get their reaction, please be my guest. Keep this in mind, though. Thousands and thousands of young Americans already voted with their lives to ensure that this same message of intolerance, death, and destruction would not prevail – you can count their ballots by visiting any American cemetery in North Africa, Italy, France, or Belgium and tallying the white headstones. You can also recite the many names of civil rights advocates who bled and died in opposing supporters of those same ideologies of hatred. Their voices may be distant, but they can still be heard.

Go ahead and make your case for Nazism, a white nation, and racial superiority. The Constitution may give you a voice, but it doesn’t guarantee you a receptive audience.

Your right to free speech does not automatically mean that people will agree with you. In fact, you have an absolute God-given and inalienable right to be on the losing end of this argument.

What you don’t have, though, is the right to take out your frustration at failure in the political arena by resorting to violence. You don’t have any right to threaten the lives and well-being of our neighbors. They have an absolute God-given and inalienable right to live peacefully, to worship as they please, to be free from fear that they might become a target simply because of the color of their skin, the country of their birth, or the form of their prayer.

Threatening to kill Jewish people, gunning down innocent Latinos on a weekend shopping trip, planning and plotting to perpetrate murders in the name of a nonsense racial theory, sitting to pray with God-fearing people who you execute moments later – those actions don’t make you soldiers, they make you criminals. Law enforcement doesn’t go to war with cowards who break the law, we arrest them and send them to prison.

As I said, this case was made by a concerned member of the public and a responsive police officer. That’s all it takes to stop you. The men and women of our community are allied with law enforcement. And every single member of law enforcement took an oath to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic. Many of us have taken that oath several times – as police officers, federal agents, prosecutors, military members, and elected officials.

Together, we represent the absolute best of what America has to offer. Our skin is every color you can imagine, our families come from a hundred different countries and a hundred different faiths. What makes us different doesn’t split us apart, though. Those differences are insignificant compared to what is the same about us – we are united in our commitment to each other, to our families, and to our communities. We are the living embodiment of everything you say is impossible.

Together, we are united to ensure that you commit no further acts of violence in the name of your beliefs. When you wake up tomorrow morning, no matter what time, I want you to remember something. You can’t set your alarm clock early enough to beat us out of bed. The men and women of law enforcement don’t wake up. We never went to sleep. We are always awake. And arm in arm with the public, when your hatred leads you to break the law, we will do everything we can to be there to stop you.

Link to Eric Heisig’s article about the Reardon case on 

The Implications of Citizen-Surveillance

Citizen Involvement in the Law Enforcement Process: The Case of Community Police Patrols



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